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IMo 14 



It is vital to oppose the 'Bomb', and hopefully such 
opposition will widen not narrow people's vision of 
what they do oppose, to include all militarism. Great 
Britain is one of the big four arms dealing nations of 
the world. 

Three-quarters of British arms 
are sold to the Third World, 
whose governments continue to 
spend more on arms than health. 

But the arms trade does not 
only prevent the very poor of 
this world from obtaining their 
fair share of global resources 
it also is a major factor in 
fostering military rivalries, 
region-"l arms races and in 
maintaining dictatorships. 
Britain might conceivably sell 
other exports to these nations 
- to help develop transport 
and agricultural systems, or a 


decent water supply in lieu of 
arms. In fact, large quantit- 
ies of arms are sold at a loss 
- for political reasons. (Nor 
incidentally, does the arms 
industry show real interest in 
providing jobs - more and more 
workers are replaced by 
machines . ) 

Between 1977 and 1979, 
Britain sold arms to more than 
40 countries listed by Amnesty 
International as having viola- 
ted human rights. This comes 
as no surprise when one reali- 
ses Britain is the world 1 s 2nd 


„ t M : 

was a blockade of. the stock Excha nge involving 

500 - 1000 anarchists, of which 200/210 were 7 
arrested in direct confrontations with police, 
including blockades of courts and Wood St. Police 
Station. Follow up meetings, to discuss, amongst 
other things the setting up of a defense fund were 
held Oct. 15th/16th as this issue went to press. 
Defense fund address: 121 Railton Rd. London SE24. 




Plastic bullet 


CIMT Victory 

Work in at 
Thornton View 

IVI i I i tarisation of 
Polish Mining 

Anarcha -Feminism 

Buses — can 't pay, 
won't pay ETC. 



Carrefour Aimar S.p.a., the 
supermarket chain, was forced 
to reinstate the two workers, 
and anarcho-syndicalist mili- 
tants it had sacked five months 
earlier. The story began on 
December 28th 198 2 when Ignacio 
Nevado got his dismissal 
letter; the "official" reason 
being that a leaflet of the 
CNT* section (not recognised 
by the firm) had been found on 
him . January _4th another CNT 
militant, Julian Ortega, was 
sacked; the pretext this time 
being that he had taken home 
his work overalls. 



Faced with these two sack- 
ings the CNT Barcelona federat- 
ion lost no time, organising a 
large demonstration with the 
call to "boycott Carrefour'." 
On January 8th the police in- 
tervened to break up a picket 
at the entrance to the super- 
market ,. making a few arrests. 

From that day on arrests, 
insults and tricks became a 
regular feature, though they 
failed to shake the CNT' s re- 
solve to fight. For 127 con- 
secutive days the anarcho- 
syndicalist militants of the 
CNT picketed the supermarket 
entrance, demanding the re- 
instatement of the two sacked 
workers. During all this time 
the bosses, police, political 
parties and official unions 
found themselves united against 
the Carrefour fight, hoping in 
a defeat for the CNT. 

The anarcho-syndicalist 
militants used all the means 
at their disposal to convince 
people to boycott the super- 
market: from stink bombs to 
leaflets to the erection of 
barricades in front of the 
entrances .Many customers who 
had parked their cars in front 
of Carrefour got a nasty sur- 
prise when they found all the 
tyres 1 et down .... Sol idari ty 
with the two sacked workers 

wasn' t restricted to Barcelona, 
with demonstrations against 
Carrefour being organised in 
many other Spanish cities. 
Carrefour even flew in their 
managing director from Paris 


to help break the CNT' s re- 
sistance. He decided to launch 
a massive publicity campaign, 
and the slogan "Do your shop- 
ping at Carrefour" was trans- 
mitted on Spanish radio and 
televisior . 

Finally on May 17th the 
iudge proclaimed his sentence; 
the two sackings were illegal 
"\ and the two workers must 
be re-hired. The CNT had won, 
not even the law could win it 
for Carrefour this time. 

On May 19th, the day the 
two CNT militants returned to 
work, the firm put out a 
statement in which it admitted 
defeat and hoped for a return 
to the peace lost when it had 
decided to attack the CNT, A few 
days later Spanish television 
and radio began to transmit 
Carrefour' s new publicity 
slogan: "Now you can shop in 
peace at Carrefour". 

*CNT - National Confederation 
of Labour - the Spanish anarcho- 
syndicalist union federation, 
has a membership of tens of 
thousands, organising workers 
in many industries. A sort of 
revolutionary TUC.The most 
militant of the Spanish union 

Translated from "Umanita 
Nova" (No. 27, year 63) by D.M. 


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The militarization of the 
Polish mining industry has had, 
as in every other area of act- 
ivity, severe consequences for 
the conditions and safety of 
•"he workers. Conditions in the 
mines have worsened as people 
work harder for less real wages 
and maintenance is virtually 
non-existent. All that matters 
is extracting the coal. Leaving 
their jobs is regarded as de- 
sertion subject to a three year 
prison sentence, and in extreme 
cases, can mean death. 

Under Martial Law, everyone 
worked Saturdays while there 
were so-called "voluntary" 
shifts on Sundays. If anyone 
failed to turn up for these 
shifts, they were treated as 
deserters and penalised accord- 
ingly. Since the suspension of 
Martial Law, Sundays are now 
free, but Saturday is still a 
working day. The miners are 
forced to work arbitrarily- 
chosen days at the discretion 
of the military state. 

The results of a rigorous 
six-day week are shown up by 
the massive stockpiles of un- 
sold coal .One third of the 
coal extracted has no buyer. 
Although free Saturdays would 
solve this problem to an extent 
by decreasing the coal output 
by one sixth, this is out of 
the question under the present 
regime. The miners need the 
extra money gained by working 
a six-day week. Therefore it is 
unlikely that the long working 
hours which produce the stock- 
piles (wasting human and 
mineral resources) will be re- 
duced . 

The "Solidarity year" of 
1981 was the best period for 
work safety and there were re- 
markably few industrial accid- 
ents. Not one miner died due to 
negligence. The introduction of 
Martial Law led to a vast in- 
crease in fatalities and in- 
juries. These were not reported 
in the media, unless too many 
people knew, which made a cover 
-up impossible. In the first 
nine months of Martial Law 161 
workers were killed in mining 
accidents, and hundreds injured. 
These figures are the worst 
since the 1950' s. 

On the 3rd April 1982, 5 
miners died in the Wiktoria 
colliery, and a further 7 died 
on the 5th June. These accidents 
were due to extraction of coal 
"inconsistent with the rules 
and principles of mining tech- 
, niques".In the Dymitrow Coll- 
iery, 11 miners died on the 
18th of June, 5 died on the 
8th July, and on the 28th 
November, 17 miners and rescue 
workers were killed. All of 
these accidents were due to 
miners working in tremor-risk 
areas (which had not been ad- 
equately investigated) result- 
ing from exhausted seams not 
having been made safe. On the 
28th December, 5 miners died 
in the Katowice Colliery as a 
result of lack of attention 
being given to the danger of 
tremors . 

The miners of several 
collieries appealed to the 
Minister of Mining and Energy 
in January 1983, stating their 
desire to end the enormous 
surplus of coal, and to put a 
stop to the "tragic tremors" 
and supposed "natural disaster- 
s'' which were in effect caused 
by the failures of the admin- 
istration to deal adequately 
with the safety conditions in 
the mines. 

The problem extends to land. 
In Silesia, 997„ of the exhausted 

mines are allowed to subside 
and thus flood, forming mns.sivc 
lakes winch threaten buildings 
over an area of (>2 r > square 
miles. Props of coal are not 
left in to prevent caving, but 
are exploi ted . Between 1979 and 
1990, these props are expected 
to yield 1 l,j 1 1 l on tonnes ( , f 
coa 1 . 

The accidents and I he 
wasting of valuable resources 
show how incapable the slate 
administration is of running an 
industry in safe cond i t ions . As 
Solidarnosc is now outlawed, 
and the official unions are 
state-controlled, the workers 
will continue to suffer the 
consequences of their leaders' 
faults with bad pay and con- 
ditions, long hours, injury, 
and death. only when the workers 
themselves control the fruits 
of their own labour will the 
problem be solved. 

The miners in Poland are 
often regarded as being privil- 
eged because they have special 
ration books and seperate shops. 
But this is just a tactic of 
the state to divide and rule 
the workers in the different 
industries. Onl y when they all 
get together to overthrow their 
rulers will real wealth be 
available to all. 

M . C. 

(The information for this 
article comes from "Voice of 
Sol i da r nose" . Avai labl e from : 
NSZZ "Solidarnosc" Information 
Office, 314-320 Grays Inn Kd . , 
London WC1 X 8 DP. 


At the time of going to press, 
the Hindle 1 s struggle continue 
-ing,as reported in the last 
issue of D.A. The workers 
have won the right to an Ind- 
ustrial Tribunal for unfair 
di smi ssal ; they were sacked for 

going on strike. Support is 
still needed, as this dispute 
has been going on a long time. 

Hindles Gears Strike Fund, 
A.U.F.W. Offices, 
2, Claremont, Bradford, BD7 1BQ. 



largest supplier of the ' tools' 
(weapons) of repression; (her 
ally, America is number one in 
the Repression Trade). 

The repression trade is known 
in the arms trade as "internal 
security equipment". It has 
also been referred to as "the 
technology of political control' 

Business is booking. Distur- 
bances in Iran, Indonesia, Nic- 
aragua and Turkey, for instance 
produced a sharp increase in 
sales of riot control 
equipment. In fact repression 
is a more "dependable" trade 
than war. Since many govern- 
ments are engaged in a more or 
less continuous struggle 
against dissident movements, 
which also means that the rep- 
ression trade has a greater in- 
pact on the day to day lives 
of more people than all other 
arms transfers combined. 

To quote Michael Klare, 
author of 1 Supplying Repress- 
ion; US support for Authorita- 
rian Regimes Abroad' , "faced 
with a choice between contin- 
uation of the status quo and a 
major social upheaval culmina- 
ting in the rise of unknown 
leaders, who may or may not 
respect the TRADE and INVEST- 
MENT policies of their prede- 
cessors, most western powers 
will opt for the status quo". 

It is in the interest of the 
superpowers to strengthen the 
internal security capabilities 
of the Third World regimes 
friendly to them. Generally 
their support is aid to milit- 
ary and paramilitary forces 
but in some cases aid is also 
given to police powers. Aid 
can range from training to 

Much 1 internal security' 
hardware is not technically 
weaponry but they are used in 
political warfare. Such items 
include surveillance systems 
and telephone tapping equip- 
ment: riot batons and water 
cannons; thumscrews and 
electric shock devices: and 
computerised intelligence 
systems. Software includes 
training, advisory support etc. 
It is well known that the Nat- 
ional Security Agency of the 
US (NSA) is currently involved 
in the covert, selective tapp- 
ing of millions of private 

telephone calls in the UK. 
They achieve this through the 
creation of special microwave 
links in the public telecomm- 
unications grid. "The reason 
proferred to legitimise such 
surveillance of the internal 
political activity of an 
allied country is that US 
plans to reinforce Europe 
during a future war could be 
frustrated by the existance of 
' fifth columns'." If you' re 
reading this, there's a chance 
you're either in one of these 
Fifth columns' , sympathetic t~j 
them, or making a note of my 
name? The USSR does the same 
thing ( but less is known 
about it). 

It would be wise for the 
British dissident, normally 
complacent, to contemplate how 
the UK develops its equipment. 
It tests them on the streets 
of Northern Ireland, of course 
- which is far less than a 
million miles away. 

The weaponry used to be re- 
ferred to as ' non lethal' but 
so many people died, it became 
embarassing and the name was 
changed to ' less lethal' , Less 
lethal weaponry includes 
plastic /rubber bullets, CN/CS 
gas, both of which have lead 
to death. The names ' plastic 
bullets', ' tear gas' are delib- 
erately soft sounding so that 
onlookers do not get the impr- 
ession that the police are too 

Michael Klare was able to 
get his information on the USA 
due to the Freedom of Informa- 
tion Act (which Reagan would 
like to repeal). In the UK, 
the Official Secrets Act prev- 
ents this. Secrecy can be 
used as a selling point. 

The fact that this forces 
the peoples of some customers 
to live in fear, under totali- 
tarian control is called the 
'social cost' of maintaining a 
secure world. Such instruments 
are the functional tools of 
cultural imperalism (and 
symbols of it) . 

These policing technologies 
increase violence in the long 
term; increased militarisation 
of the police leads to further 
cultural militarisation. CAAT 
(Campaign Against Arms Trade) 
asks peace researchers to 

focus more analysis on the 
police and their equipment, 
since far more people come 
into direct contact with them 
than their military conterpart. 
Peace activists might also be 
aware of the connection bet- 
ween police and military. But 
most of all, I think more 
support could be given to 
protests at Arms Fairs often 
selling weapons of torture 
(and war), though there may 
not be a spy base or US nuke 
base near you, there' s almost 
certainly Army Recruitment 
Offices, the Territorials and 
if you' re in a city or large 
town, one major police station 
containing ' internal security 
equipment' . But it 1 s overseas 
it's used chiefly (including 
Northern Ireland) and it' s 
sold, for profit at Arms Fairs. 
This is where the export deals 
are won or lost. Public out- 
cry in Britain in 1978 against 
a sale of armoured cars to El 
Salvador meant that order was 

Britain has an expert pub- 
lic face - hence embargoes on 
arms sales with Amin' s Uganda 
and South Africa - neither of 
which was respected, trade 
continued in both instances. 
We' sold landrovers and trucks 
(with guns on) to Uganda in 
1977. They went to the noto- 
rious State Research Centre, 
Kampala, in which thousands 
were tortured and murdered. 
Plessey and Marconi supply 
radar to South Africa, despite 
the UN arms embargo on South 
Africa in 1977. Landrovers 
(vehicles in general, computer 
and radiocommunication systems 
and radar) are classed as 
' dual role' equipment and are 
still sold. They could be used 
for peacefull purposes, but in 
fact they are used for repres* 
sive purposes. The British 
govt, continues to justify its 
arms trade by citing Article 
51 of the UN Charter, which 
gives every country the right 
to self defence. ( The Charter 
also declares there shall be 
freedom of association, fair 
trial, no torture or inhuman 
inprisonment, arbitary arrest, 
and that there shall be food, 
clothing, housing, education, 
and health care, work in good 

conditions etc. ; so I don' t 
think they can really claim to 
be respecting the UN Charter.) 

Local actions can draw 
attention to local involvement. 
One way is to find out which 
local companies are involved. 
You can find out from CAAT' s 
booklet "The Arms Traders" 
(£1.50 + postage) available 
from CAAT, 5 Caledonian Rd, 
London Nl 9DX. CAAT also have 
details (and organise protests 
at) Arms Fairs. 

In America direct actions 
have been taken; since it was 
revealed last year that most 
of the US weapons bound for El 
Salvador were shipped through 
Port Chicago, near San Frans* 
cisco, peace activists have 
come together to form a net- 
work - the Port Chicago Camp- 
aign, to oppose these exports. 
Blockades of the port have 
taken place and land and sea 
blockades took place on 28th 
July. That' s direct action. 
CAAT do invaluable work, but I 
see no point, as an anarchist, 
in petitioning govts, (who 
have shown who they are 
already). Blockades are a good 
idea. It's a form of 'blacking' 
I suppose. 

I wonder when the anti mili- 

Can't pay, Won't pay 

On August 12th Cleveland 
Transit announced plans to 
cut local bus services (and 
therefore iobs) in Teeside in 
a bid to stem their huge 
operating losses. In response 
bus workers imposed a ban on 
late-night weekend working 
which remained in operation 
for the next six weekends. A 
return to normal working was 
negotiated on September 22nd 
when management conceded the 
extra inspector cover that the 
union (TGWU) had been demand- 

While wholeheartedly supp- 
orting the bus workers' fight 
to save their iobs and service 
-s upon which working people 
depend, it seems to us that a 
bit of clear thinking is miss- 
ing in their approach (or, 
more likely, in the union 
leaders) . 

"It's a socially useful device for 
use on the management" 

tarist movement will get round 
to sabotage, despite the risks. 
Here in the UK you risk arrest 
for criminal damage, at the 
other end of the journey is 
someone being killed or tortu- 
red . 

It' s worth noting that 
Britain in this respect is not 
different from 3rd World 
nations. We now spend more on 
'Defence' than Education (for 
the first time), under Maggie, 
We have 500,000 people working 
on production for military use 
but only 85,000 doctors and 

The main reason Cleveland 
transport are losing passenger 
-s and money is that their 
fares are so bloody expensive 
that people can' t afford to 
use their buses as regularly. 
Cheaper fares would bring back 
all their lost passengers . For 
those on the dole, for example, 
i hefty bus fare can amount to 
quite a large chunk of their 
meagre income. Indeed , the 
Cleveland Unemployed Workers 
Union makes free bus travel 
for the unemployed and their 
families one of its immediate 
demands . 

We have here an example of 
the kind of warped thinking 
reformist unionism descends to. 
Instead of a steadfast defence 
of iobs and services as things 
which cannot be touched, the 
union meets management half- 
way and in very business-like 
fashion calls for a clampdown 
on fare doesn't 
seem to matter that with this 
call they are only going to 
shift the burden onto people 
who don' t pay because they 
can' t pay. Other working people 
in fact. 

600,000 teachers. Many of 
these jobs seem innocuous; 
only 75,000 work directly on 
arms export contracts, some 
are in academic research, 
others may produce fuses for 
EMI (not even knowing these 
are bomb fuses) . But do 
workers have to face a choice 
between the Arms factory and 
the dole? No. The workers have 
themselves indicated they'd 
rather not be in the arms 
trade, through their Shop 
Stewards, in the 1976 Alter- 
native Corporate Plan of Lucas 
Aerospace. They would rather 
the industry was converted 
over to civilian production. 

You can ask for 45% of your 
incoire tax, normally for 'Def- 
ence, to be paid via diversio- 
nary cheques made out to the 
Overseas Development Adminis- 
tration instead. Finally, 
money spent on military goods 
does not create a lot of 
wealth either, as few people 
use and maintain them ie. if 
the government spend £1,000 
million in each area, the mil- 
itary will generate 76,000, 
the least of all, whereas 
education will generate 
187,000, health 139,000 and 
construction 100,000. 

Revolutionary unionism 
on the other hand has nobler 
aspirations and tactics. To it 
the interests of the whole 
class matter, not iust the 
short-term interests of one 
particular sect ion .Therefore , 
revolutionary unionists call 
on bus workers to fight for 
their iobs and the services in 
a very different way. Instead 
of penny-pinching with the 
(for the most part working 
class) passengers, how about 
demanding a few "economies" at 
the top, where the boss class 
on fat salaries- never have to 
use the buses (or dodge fares). 

Instead of the simple with- 
drawal of bus services (which 
hurts the passengers more than 
the management) a more effect- 
ive tactic for transport work- 
ers is to work as normal but 
not bother to collect fares. 
This guarantees you public 
support and will soon bring 
management to their senses. 
What about victimisation by 
the bosses you might ask. If 
all stand firm what can they 
do - sack everyone ? 







At the meeting of the Hull 
Trades Council two of the four 
Hull sponsored marchers gave a 
report of the group' s experien- 
ces as part of the Yorkshire 
and Humberside contingent of 
the T.U.C. Peoples' March For 
Jobs 1983. The marchers had 
been impressed and emotionally 
moved by acts of support and 
solidarity they had witnessed, 
but were appalled by the lack 
of organisation, expression of 
sexist attitudes, the overrule 
of democratic decisions by 
stewards and the use of violen- 
ce by stewards. 

For a march with a target of 
50% female participation to 
have no creche or child minding 
facilities was somewhat surpris- 
ing. The lack of seperate sleep- 
ing accomodation on some occas- 
ions was disappointing .The con- 
stant barrage of sexist jibes 
and remarks made one Hull woman 
marcher relieved to leave the 
march early. One woman was ex- 
pelled from the march by the 
stewards against the wishes of 
her co-marchers, simply because 
she was nine weeks pregnant. 

Marchers were supposed to 
take daily responsibility for 
organising the march, by means 
of regular marchers' meetings. 
As time went on the meetings 
became less frequent and the 
marchers' wishes ignored. One 
Hull marcher who complained 
about misrepresentation of 
marchers' views and that stew- 
ards were appointed not elect- 
ed, was accused of spreading 
disunity, and was later threat- 
ened and assaulted by other 
marchers. The Hull group experi- 

enced further threatening be- 
haviour from marchers and stew- 
ards, and reported that a 
woman marcher from Halifax had 
her toe broken by the chief 
security steward. They also wit- 
nessed other marchers and stew- 
ards attacking members of Ox- 
ford Trades Council, when they 
supported the march .Marchers 
were not allowed to wear CND 
badges and could not even 
choose their own slogans Some 
marchers were taken off the 
march for chanting "Tories Out'.' 

The Hull marchers intended 
to send their sixteen page re- 
port to Liverpool Trades Council 
who are to conduct an enquiry. 
Hull Trades Council decided to 
forward the report to Yorkshire 
and Humberside Regional T.U.C. 
The report was leaked almost 
immediately to the local press. 
The anti-union potential of the 
report is obvious. 

From the very outset the 
high echelons of the T.U.C. 
did not want the march to take 
place. The T.U.C. Economic Comm- 
ittee voted against it, as did 
the Labour Party Executive 
(some union barons sit on 
both). It musr have been embarr- 
assing when the wider-based 
T.U.C. General Council over- 
ruled the Economic Committee 
and went ahead with the march 
without real Labour support. 
With the announcement of the 
election, the T.U.C, always 
anxious to preserve an image 
of resonableness and respect- 
ability, constrained the 
genuine anger and resentment 
of the marchers, by placing 
strict limitations on the 


There is little doubt that 
whenever the efforts of grass 
roots unemployed or working are 

directed by the stifling 
structures of the T.U.C. , then 
tb°se efforts will be reduced 
to ineff ectual , shabby compro- 

The People' s March was 
symptomatic of the T.U.C s 
attitude to the unemployed. The 
T.U.C. attempts to co-ordinate 
and direct the bargaining power 
of groups of workers. The un- 
employed have no direct bar- 
gaining power and are therefore 
regarded as second-class citi- 
zens. Many unions will not main- 
tain services to members who 
become unemployed, and will 
not recruit from the unemploy- 
ed. Either because they fear 
the influence of the unemploy- 
ed or cannot afford to service 
members who cannot pay sub- 
scriptions .Thus the unemployed 
cannot organise within unions. 
Attempts to form seperate un- 
employed workers' unions are 
viewed with suspicion by the 
T.U.C. and it will only support 
initiatives whicn are prepared 
to be bound in its own rigid 

The present so-called de- 
pression only exacerbates cont- 
inual process of job erosion 
by advancing technology . The 
process is probably inevitable, 
and in a free society would be 
desirable. Ineffectually demand- 
ing jobs will not remove the 
traumas of unemployment - only 
a fundamental re-evaluation of 
work and social justice will 
do that. The T.U.C. which is 
locked into employer/employee 
bargaining strategies, is not 
the organisation to advance 
such radical policies. To im- 
prove their position, it is 
vital that the unemployed or- 
ganise amongst themselves, both 
to promote their wn campaigns 
and to forge links with employ- 
ed workers. Until there exists 
in society a genuine will to 
re- think work, then the un- 
employed will remain out in the 
cold, a political football to 
be kicked by all sides. 



Britain has been responsible 
for 907. Of the radioactive 
waste dumped in the sea. 
Earlier this year the London 
Dumping Convention voted for 
a 2 year moratorium on dump- 
ing while the risks to sea 
life were studied further. 
This years dumping would 
have been the largest amount 
ever dumped- 3500 tonnes, 
compared to 2700 tonnes last 
year and 2500 tonnes in 1981. 

The nuclear authorities 
have vitually abandoned the 
dump following the seamens 
ban on handling waste. The 
action by the National Union 
of Seamen has been a serious 
blow to the prospect of Bri- 
tain dumping any more radio- 
active waste in the sea. 

The Nuclear Industries 
Radioactive Waste Executive 
( NIREX) has said that it 
will not ask the Government 

for a military crew for the 
"Atlantic Fisher" the ship 
which should have done the 
dumping. NIREX has said that 
there is no chance of nuclear 
waste being stranded at the 
docks at Sharpness in Glous- 
tershire awaiting the ship. 
BR will not authorise the 
removal of waste until the 
ship docks with a crew. 

The Seamens boycot shows 
that workers can stop harm 
to the seas through dumping 
by direct action and are not 
as insensitve to the environ- 
ment as some people would 
believe or others would hope. 
The nuclear industry wants 
to dump 10 times as much 
waste into the sea by 1990. 
If nuclear energy is so safe, 
as we are always told, then 
why not dump the waste in 
the nuclear bosses front 
gardens. JCB 

The Heat 
is ON 

.The Fire Protection Associat- 
ion, on which are represented 
Britain's leading fire insur- 
ance firms, has come up with 
an interesting sidelight on 
the present recession. Accord- 
ing to the FPA the number of 
"grudge fires" is increasing. 
These are fires which have 
been started by. workers who 
have been sacked or made re- 
dundant; they start the fire 
as a way of getting their own 
back, a sort of spectacular 
way of putting two fingers up 
at the boss. One can sympathise, 
but burning down the workplace 
only puts more people out of 
work. The only serious response 
to the threat of unemployment 
is to take over the workplace, 
establish workers' control, 
ANT. When that starts to happen 
the class war will really be 
hotting up. 

_ Urge to 

Three bricklayers in North 
Yorks. last month making 
"superhomes" for the rich 
were sacked without being 
paid for allegedly botching 
the job. 

Rather than be conned into 
working for nothing, a house 
which took 3 weeks to build 
was demolished in just 30 
minutes with the aid of 141b 
sledgehammers and axes... 

Now who said that the 
workers are lazy? 


The political trials of 5 
well respected militants in 
Canada are now in progress. 
Julie Belmas, Gerry Hannah, 
Ann Hansen, Doug Stewart and 
Brent Taylor are charged with 
arson on 2 "Red Hot" video 
porn shops in Vancouver, and 
bombing a power station and 
a cruise missile factory in 
Toronto . 

A London support group 
has been formed; write for 
more info to: Vancouver 5 Box 

ABC, 121 Railton Rd. London 
SE 24. 


Once again, the Japanese are between them. They also use the 
leading the way in world indust- sa me washrooms, toilets and 

ry, as far as wonderful new 
ideas are concerned. Their 
latest innovation in the field 
of industrial relations is the 
idea that has been implemented 
at the Toshiba and Sanyo TV 
factories at Plymouth and 
Lowestoft respectively. The 
arrangement is this - the 
management and the workers 
wear the same blue overalls, 
to help break down the barriers 

canteens. What' s more, the 
workers are free to discuss 
any problems with the manage- 
ment, at any time. This may 
sound all very well, but, not 
surprisingly, there is a catch. 
In return for these "concess- 
ions", all the workforce have 
to do is to make an agreement 
to totally give up their right 
to strike'. G.K. 







Ecoutez Radio- Lib ertaire 

Radio librede la Federation anarchiste emettant sur Paris 

De 14 H a 18 H 
el sabado, emision 
en espanol con la 

Sept. 3rd 
march s 

Sur 89,5 MHz - F.M. 

Radio Libertaire is an anarch- 
ist radio station in France 
with an estimated daily audi- 
ence of around 100, 000. On 
Sunday August 28th it was the 
target of government repression 
as police raided the centre of 
the French Anarchist Federat- 
ion and smashed Radio Liber- 
taire' s equipment (the French 

government , it should be noted, 
is a "socialist" one) . Pro test s 
against this suppression of 
free speech were not long in 
forthcoming. In France these 
came from, among others, the 
proof-readers union affiliated 
to the CGT (communist union 
federation), the CGT-FO (anti- 
communist union federation),, 

the CNT (anarcho-syndicalist 
union federation) and even 
some Socialist Party members. 
September 3rd saw 5000 people 
marching in Paris in support 
of Radio Libertaire. From Italy 
the International of Anarchist 
Federations sent a note of 
protest, while in Spain the 
National Committee of the CNT 
(Spain) and the secretariat 
of the International Workers 
Association sent a delegation 
to the Frencn embassy in 
Madrid. The Swedish anarcho- 
syndicalist federation also 
declared its indignation. In 
Oslo in Norway a demonstrat- 
ion was organised in front of 
the French embassy and a del- 
egation from ANORG (the Nor- 
wegian Anarchist Organisation) 
delivered a protest letter. 

Readers of Direct Action 
can add their voice to these 
protests by writing to the 
French Consulate, 24 Rutland 
Gate, London SW7. Despite the 
repression Radio Libertaire 
began broadcasting again on 
Sept. 5th from 6am to mid - 
night; the fight for free 
speech in France goes on'. 


145 rue AME LOT 75011 PARIS 
tel = 33.1.805 34 08 

adherente a 1' Internationale des Federations Anarchistes 

Cont from P. 7 

Ir honour of these martyers 
of the working class not only 
is November 11th marked with 
Anarchist meetings, but also 
May Day , which has become the 
day of workers the world over 
before being an excuse for the 
State Capitalists to show 
their might or for reformists 
to smother class strugle. It 
was observed as a day to fight 
for concrete gains with the 
aim of an 8 hour day. 

The Haymarket Martys were 
not the only victims of the 
U.S. reaction in the month of 
November. In 1915 I.W.W. song 
writer Joe Hill was executed 
by the Mormon authorities in 
Utah. Before this R.J Horton 
was shot by a policeman in 

Salt Lake City for speaking to 
a crowd in defense of the 
famous wobbly. 

In November 1916 four work 
ers were shot in the Free 
Speech Fight and in 1919 Wesley 
Everest was lynched in Washing- 
ton State for resisting a 
raid on the lumber workers 
hall . Hundreds of others have 
been victims up to the present 

Whilst the workers today 
should point to the role of 
the Chicago Martyrs and others 
in the history of the workers 
struggles a lot of unspectac- 
ular work is needed to achieve 
full scale marches and commem- 
orations in Britain. Otherwise 
we risk showing our weakness. 
As Joe Hill said before his 
death, "Don' t waste time 
mourning - ORGANISE'.". 

The case of the Newham 8 
starts on October 24th, a pick- 
et of the Court at Snaresbrook 
for the duration of the trial 
is planned. 

Newham 8 Defence Campaign 
P.O.Box 273, London E7 9 JN 
Tele: (01)555 3331 (day), 
(01)534 1640 (eve.) 


(Information taken from BLACK 

The South Manchester Anarch- 
ist Group has asked us to 
announce their exi s tence . They 
can be contacted c/o Raven 
Press, 8-10 Gt. Ancoats St., 
Manchester 4. 


An Anarcha-Feminist Conference 
was held at Doncaster Trades 
Club on SAT. 3 September &on 
Sunday a mixed meeting was held 
(the first day was women only). 
The Conferernce opened with 
definitions of anarcha- feminism 
The history of feminism has 
been one of anarchical , non- 
hierichical organisat ion. For 
some of us , anarchism & feminism 
are synonymous( do all anarchist 
men agree though?). We agreed 
wearenot separatists but the 
validity of seperate meetings 
was upheld(to develop confidence 
to speak in mixed meetings and 
generally. )We felt women prefer 
less theorising than men? We 
regretted that fewer women were 
active in mainstream politics? 
Though that depends on the 
definition of mainstream. Women' s 
politics are not seperate from 
the industrial struggle;not a 
side-issue. ( low-paid wof*en 
workers?)The definition ofwork 
should be extended to include 
unpaid work by women ( chi 1 dwork , 
housework . )Women have three 
problems with mainstream activit 
-ies:(I)lack of time due to 
child-care( 2) sexist anarchist 
men(3)lack of creches atmost 
conferences .Women must not be 
isolated in the home, nor solely 
in activist groups but in their 
community. We might work with 
as many groups as possible, i . e. 
Left women, non-political women, 
and men, but we wanted to show 
our support, not patronise, & 
offer resources where we could. 
Our best way to show sisterhood 
with women of other cultures 
Asian Women' s Refuge workers 
who have been threatened) is to 
co-operate with their groups. 
The State defuses our struggle 
by providing Grants(e. g. Women' s 
Aid, W. I. R. E. S. ) Anarcha- fern in ism 
opposes all State intervention 
&women who want political power 
In Northern Ireland .women were 
split into Political women(i.e. 
anti-imperialist s )& women in 
daily politics(Women' s Aid, Rape 
Crisis Centres. ) Anarcha- feminism 
can bridge both "camps. "We felt 
Trotskyist part iesWomen' s Groups 
were a way to put women Trots 
neatly on one side,wheras we 
could see no issue that did not 
include men. Nevertheless , we 
thought too much energy was iust 
wasted by defensive men &also 
defensive feminists -Mixed views 

were expressed on the Greenham 
Common Women ; qual i fied support 
was given to the core of politic 
-ally aware women there, whom we 
hoped would up the level of the 
sabotage act ivi t ies .On Porn, we 
say "censorship"is our self- 
expressioni . e.not from any Govt, 
but us, those effected. We suppor 
-ted Angry Womenin bombing Porn 
Shops as direct action. Porn is 
not only an oppressive image of 
women -it involves as well the 
exploitation of women who work 
in the Porno Industry. Is there 
more reaction on racism/classism 
than sexism from male anarchists 
As Anarcha-f eminists,we support 
women taking direct action ,not 
appeals for anti-porn laws, nor 
tougher sentences for rapists; 
instead, we support organisation 
by women as far as possible 
against rapei . e. provision of 
minibuses , sel f- defence classes , 
vigilante women taking revenge 
on rapists .Abortion was debated 
(one woman said she did not want 
an abortion, others must choose 
for themsel ves.)We need to oppos 
-e any planned anti-abortion 
legislation(e.g. in Ireland), but 
we do not depend on appeals to 
the State. Women in D-A.M- felt 
that "Direct Action"should 
include more anarcha- feminism, 
(please send us Copy.)A D.A.M. 
pamphlet on Anarcha-f eminism is 
planned for publication soon. 

On the next men disagre 
-ed(at first)to "Women Only" 
meetings, on the grounds f! at 
women are oppressed differs ltly 
to men. The men said in male 
groups there are tensions( class ; 
homo/hetero tensions) , especially 
men oppressed by macho men.We 
wondered how can we best confron 
-t dominators,male or female? 
The men asked us if our meeting 
would' ve been spoiled by the 
presence of men?Some women said 
yes, some said no; the women did 
not feel hindered/ tense with the 
particular men present -Later , one 
man did obiect to women only 
meetings .The .women felt only 
they defended women only meet- 
ings,not the m^n. Some men said 
we were jumping to conclusions 
about their reasons & this 
offended them. The man who 
objected compared worien only 
meetings with black only 
meetings, which he said were 
all anti -white. The women 
replied that our meeting was 
not anti-men. If non-sexist men 
critised sexist men, they felt 
ignored or, in some social 
circles, ridiculed as gay.(This 

sexism against gay men they also 
find difficult to confront, with- 
-out al ienat-ing other men.) 
Brief mention was made of the 
Saturday's anarchist videos. 
We 1 iked the Women' s Fire 
Brigade, supporters of the 
Vancouver Five, who are women 
of all ages and in the video 
on Jewish anarchists in New 
York, no ted that the majority 
of those activists we ; e of 
the "older g on era tio n" . Videos 
are available from 1?".,Rai.lton 
Road ,LondonSE24. 
The number of women present 
wns fewer than expected (many 
of them in D.A.M.) .It is hoped 
to hold a larger anarcha- fern in 
-ist Conference r.ext year. In 
1980, a conference of 100 women 
was held;we were short of time 
perhaps, but a start has teen 
made to revive -and expand-- 
anarcha- feminism in Britain, of 
which "The Anarchist Feminist 
KagcKine" must surely play a 
part- Send copy toThe Anarchism 
Feminist Magazine, now r./o 
Leeds Anarchist Women, BOX V, 
59, Cookridge Street , Leeds . 

N.B. On Sunday, we also re- 
-discussed Northern Ireland, Rate 
and Ra p e . 


Public transport subsidies 
in Britain's main urban areas 
should be increased - accord- 
ing to the Department of Trans- 
port computer model which was 
initially set up to cut sub- 
sidies'. Detail s of this embarr- 
assing result for the govern- 
ment were revealed recently at 
a major traffic conference 
held at Sussex University org- 
anised by Planning and Trans- 
port Computation and Research. 

The 1983 Transport Act 
enables the Department of 
Transport to limit subsidies 
to public transport in London 
and the metropolitan counties. 
So, to decide which counties 
should get more subsidies and 
which less, the Department got 
together with a consultant 
from the L.S.E. and developed 
a computer model to divide up 
the cake. The model revealed 
that even South Yorkshire with 
the highest bus subsidy in 
Britain should have a higher 
subsidy'.And in Greater Manchest 
-er and West Yorkshire, bus 
and train fares ought to be 
cut by a quarter, and paid for 
by higher subsidies. 


1 would like to know more about 
the DAM/IWA. 






Cut out and send to DAM / 1 WA : - 
c/o The Autonomy Centre, Raven 
Press, 8-10 Great Ancoats 
Street, Manchester 4. 

The former mailing address for 
Manchester DAM at the Corn 
Exchange has been discontinued. 
The new address is now: the 
Autonomy Centre c/o Raven 
Press, 8-10 Great Ancoats St. 
Manchester 4. 

Press ££ 

Mutual At», 

Thanx to the Comrades who 
sent in money to help us 
produce this copy of Direct 
Action, readers are asked to 
send donations in, no matter 
how small to; 

Direct Action 
Box DAM 
59 Cookridge Street, 
Leeds . 
LS2 3 AW . 
Cheques and P.O.'s should be 
made out to Direct Action. 

Direct Action 

Aims and Principles of the Direct Action Movement 

(1) The Direct Action Movement is a working class 

(2) 0ur aim is the creation of a free and classless 

(3) We are fighting to abolish the state, capitalism 
and wage slavery in all their forms and replace 
them by self-managed production for need not profit 

(4) In order to bring about the new social order the 
workers must take over the means of production and 
distribution. We are the sworn enemies of those who 
would take over on behalf of the workers. 

(5) We believe that the only way for the working class 
to achieve this is for independent organisation' in 
the workplace and community and federation with oth 
-ers in the same industry and locality, independent 
of, and opposed to all political parties and trade 
union bureaucracies. All such workers organisations 
must be controlled by workers themselves and must 
unite rather than divide the workers movement. Any 
and all delegates and representatives of such wor- 
kers organisations must be subject to immediate 
recall by the workers. 

(6) We are. opposed to all States and State institutions. 
The working class has no country. The class struggle 
is worldwide and recognises no artificial boundaries 
The armies and police of all States do not exist to 
protect the workers of those States, they exist only 
as the repressive arm of the ruling class. 

(7) We oppose racisn, sexism, militarism and all attit- 
udes and institutions that stand in the way of equ- 
ality and the right of all people everywhere to con- 
trol their own lives and the environment. 

The Direct Action Movement is a federation of groups 
and individuals who believe in the principles of 
anarcho-syndicalism; a system where the workers alone 
control industry and the community without the dictates 
of politicians, bureaucrats, bosses and so-called experts. 

in ,U3 

a w 

H t— t 

1-1 to 
OS 3 


v <• 



n ir 



Various branches of the DAM 
(in Birmingham, Burnley, Hull 
and Middlesbrough) are now pro- 

ducing their own broadsheets 
or papers (Class Struggle, The 
Agitator .Strike Back etc.). The 
Hull branch inform us that 

copies of their paper, Class 
Struggle, are available from 
our national address. Send an